Next Permutation Leetcode Solution

In this post, we are going to solve the Next Permutation Leetcode Solution problem of Leetcode. This Leetcode problem is done in many programming languages like C++, Java, and Python.

Next Permutation Leetcode Solution
Next Permutation Leetcode Solution

Problem

permutation of an array of integers is an arrangement of its members into a sequence or linear order.

  • For example, for arr = [1,2,3], the following are all the permutations of arr[1,2,3], [1,3,2], [2, 1, 3], [2, 3, 1], [3,1,2], [3,2,1].

The next permutation of an array of integers is the next lexicographically greater permutation of its integer. More formally, if all the permutations of the array are sorted in one container according to their lexicographical order, then the next permutation of that array is the permutation that follows it in the sorted container. If such arrangement is not possible, the array must be rearranged as the lowest possible order (i.e., sorted in ascending order).

  • For example, the next permutation of arr = [1,2,3] is [1,3,2].
  • Similarly, the next permutation of arr = [2,3,1] is [3,1,2].
  • While the next permutation of arr = [3,2,1] is [1,2,3] because [3,2,1] does not have a lexicographical larger rearrangement.

Given an array of integers nums, find the next permutation of nums.

The replacement must be in place and use only constant extra memory.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [1,2,3]
Output: [1,3,2]

Example 2:

Input: nums = [3,2,1]
Output: [1,2,3]

Example 3:

Input: nums = [1,1,5]
Output: [1,5,1]

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 100
  • 0 <= nums[i] <= 100

Now, lets see the leetcode solution of Next Permutation Leetcode Solution.

Next Permutation Leetcode Solution in Python

class Solution:
  def nextPermutation(self, nums: List[int]) -> None:
    n = len(nums)

    # From back to front, find the first num < nums[i + 1]
    i = n - 2
    while i >= 0:
      if nums[i] < nums[i + 1]:
        break
      i -= 1

    # From back to front, find the first num > nums[i], swap it with nums[i]
    if i >= 0:
      for j in range(n - 1, i, -1):
        if nums[j] > nums[i]:
          nums[i], nums[j] = nums[j], nums[i]
          break

    def reverse(nums: List[int], l: int, r: int) -> None:
      while l < r:
        nums[l], nums[r] = nums[r], nums[l]
        l += 1
        r -= 1

    # Reverse nums[i + 1..n - 1]
    reverse(nums, i + 1, len(nums) - 1)

Next Permutation Leetcode Solution in CPP

class Solution {
 public:
  void nextPermutation(vector<int>& nums) {
    const int n = nums.size();

    // From back to front, find the first num < nums[i + 1]
    int i;
    for (i = n - 2; i >= 0; --i)
      if (nums[i] < nums[i + 1])
        break;

    // From back to front, find the first num > nums[i], swap it with nums[i]
    if (i >= 0)
      for (int j = n - 1; j > i; --j)
        if (nums[j] > nums[i]) {
          swap(nums[i], nums[j]);
          break;
        }

    // Reverse nums[i + 1..n - 1]
    reverse(nums, i + 1, n - 1);
  }

 private:
  void reverse(vector<int>& nums, int l, int r) {
    while (l < r)
      swap(nums[l++], nums[r--]);
  }
};

Next Permutation Leetcode Solution in Java

class Solution {
  public void nextPermutation(int[] nums) {
    final int n = nums.length;

    // From back to front, find the first num < nums[i + 1]
    int i;
    for (i = n - 2; i >= 0; --i)
      if (nums[i] < nums[i + 1])
        break;

    // From back to front, find the first num > nums[i], swap it with nums[i]
    if (i >= 0)
      for (int j = n - 1; j > i; --j)
        if (nums[j] > nums[i]) {
          swap(nums, i, j);
          break;
        }

    // Reverse nums[i + 1..n - 1]
    reverse(nums, i + 1, n - 1);
  }

  private void reverse(int[] nums, int l, int r) {
    while (l < r)
      swap(nums, l++, r--);
  }

  private void swap(int[] nums, int i, int j) {
    final int temp = nums[i];
    nums[i] = nums[j];
    nums[j] = temp;
  }
}

Note: This problem Next Permutation is generated by Leetcode but the solution is provided by Chase2learn This tutorial is only for Educational and Learning purposes.

NEXT: Longest Valid Parentheses Leetcode Solution

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