Java Stack – Hacker Rank Solution

Java Stack - Hacker Rank Solution
Java Stack – Hacker Rank Solution

Problem :

In computer science, a stack or LIFO (last in, first out) is an abstract data type that serves as a collection of elements, with two principal operations: push, which adds an element to the collection, and pop, which removes the last element that was added.(Wikipedia)

A string containing only parentheses is balanced if the following is true: 1. if it is an empty string 2. if A and B are correct, AB is correct, 3. if A is correct, (A) and {A} and [A] are also correct.

Examples of some correctly balanced strings are: “{}()”, “[{()}]”, “({()})”

Examples of some unbalanced strings are: “{}(“, “({)}”, “[[“, “}{” etc.

Given a string, determine if it is balanced or not.

Input Format

There will be multiple lines in the input file, each having a single non-empty string. You should read input till end-of-file.

The part of the code that handles input operation is already provided in the editor.

Output Format

For each case, print ‘true’ if the string is balanced, ‘false’ otherwise.

Sample Input

{}()
({()})
{}(
[]

Sample Output

true
true
false
true


Java Stack- Hacker Rank Solution

import java.util.Scanner;
import java.util.Stack;
public class Solution {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		Scanner in = new Scanner(System.in);
		while (in.hasNext()) {
			System.out.println(isBalanced(in.next()));
		}
		in.close();
	}
	static boolean isBalanced(String parentheses) {
		Stack<Character> stack = new Stack<Character>();
		for (int i = 0; i < parentheses.length(); i++) {
			char ch = parentheses.charAt(i);
			if (ch == '(' || ch == '[' || ch == '{') {
				stack.push(ch);
			} else if (stack.empty()) {
				return false;
			} else {
				char top = stack.pop();
				if ((top == '(' && ch != ')') || (top == '[' && ch != ']')
						|| (top == '{' && ch != '}')) {
					return false;
				}
			}
		}
		return stack.empty();
	}
}

Disclaimer: The above Problem (Java Stack) is generated by Hackerrank but the Solution is Provided by Chase2Learn. This tutorial is only for Educational and Learning purposes. Authority if any of the queries regarding this post or website fill the following contact form thank you.

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