Software engineering is a branch of computer science that includes the development and building of computer systems software and applications software. Software engineers have extensive knowledge of programming languages, software development, and computer operating systems, and they apply engineering principles to software creation. By applying these engineering principles to every stage of thedevelopment process, from requirements analysis to the software process, they can create customized systems for individual clients. Just as a civil engineer will make sure that a bridge has a solid foundation, a software engineer will also begin with a thoroughstudy of requirements and work through the development process in a systematic way. There are many types of software that a software engineer can develop, such as operating systems, computer games, middleware, business applications, and network control systems. Changes in technology and new areas of specialization keep this profession evolving at a rapid pace.
Software engineers must also possess interpersonal skills, and be able to effectively communicate with users in order to train, test, and debug software all the way to the end product. They are often involved from the early stages of software planning right through to the testing, development, training, and support stages.
An entry-level Software Engineer with less than 1-year of experience can expect to earn an average total compensation (includes tips, bonus, and overtime pay) of ₹399,498 based on 2,421 salaries. An early career Software Engineer with 1-4 years of experience earns an average total compensation of ₹502,425 based on 14,614 salaries. A mid-career Software Engineer with 5-9 years of experience earns an average total compensation of ₹887,929 based on 3,461 salaries. An experienced Software Engineer with 10-19 years of experience earns an average total compensation of ₹1,515,297 based on 655 salaries. In their late career (20 years and higher), employees earn an average total compensation of ₹800,000.
So till now you are very excited to know about learning path to becoming a software engineer .but there is no single path to becoming a software engineer.
A very traditional life cycle you can follow like that –
- Take A Bachelor or Diploma degree in any Computer related field –
This is first step for you and here you will learn in-depth theoretical concepts of computer science subjects. Even under Computer Science, there are various fields to works in like Cybersecurity, Computer Networking, etc. For that, you will learn Data Structures, Algorithms, Web Technology, ComputerNetworks, Mathematics, Database Systems, and of course Programming language. But having a degree does not ensure you to become a software engineer. You need to work in real-time environments having some practical exposure. You can join some Bootcamps that will help you to build some basic foundation of programming language to get into a job.
- Communicate with Computer: via Programming Language
- The Soul: Data Structures and Algorithms
An algorithm is a step by step approach to solve any problem whereas data structures are the way to organizing data. These concepts help programmers to solve the problem within less amount of time and memory . These algorithms are just a real-world approach to solve any problem.
- Competitive Coding
If you want to get a job in product-based companies like Google, Microsoft, Facebook, etc, you need to become a competitive coder. The practice is the only way to grab this. There are various sites for doing this like Heckerank, Codechef, Leetcode, Heckerearth, and many more. You can choose any site start doing practice daily. You can discuss different approaches to solve a particular problem in a discussion forum. This will boost your algorithm skills. After solving 500-600 problems, You can grab Good companies very easily. Consistency is the only key to become a competitive coder.
- Technical Content Writing
There are various blogging sites for technical concepts. you can take insights from a particular topic from these sites. If you have a good understanding of any concepts then You can also write some blogs and guide others also Websites like Medium, StackOverflow, geeks for geeks are very helpful.
- Do projects and grab Internships
You can build some personal or professional projects, you can contribute to some open-source projects, and you can showcase it to the recruiters putting everything online. Your potential employer will be able to see your skills and experience through your projects.
Internships are the best opportunity for students to get hands-on industry experience and exposure and that’s the reason it opens a lot of job opportunities. A lot of companies offer internships for students who want to work on industry projects. In internship students’ get practical training and real industry exposure where they work on some projects or products related to their skills, they also learn how to work under a team and it helps them to adapt to the company culture.
- Its Your First Job time
If you have done all the above things then it’s time to start looking for job opportunities. Create a resume, create a nice profile on different job portals, post your resume over there, check these websites on a regular basis and apply for the jobs.
Networking really helps in getting some referrals for the job or interviews so make connections, use personal contacts, attend meetups, conferences, seminars, and expand your network. You can also visit different companies’ websites and check the job description in the career option. You can directly apply from their career option as well, if your profile will be shortlisted then the recruiter will approach you for further process.
What we have to do to become a software engineer?
How I become a software engineer?
How to be a good software engineer?
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Software engineers average salaries, key skills and sample job descriptions?