C++ Program to Check Whether a Character is Vowel or Consonant

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
int main() {
    char c;
    bool isLowercaseVowel, isUppercaseVowel;
    cout << "Enter an alphabet: ";
    cin >> c;
    // evaluates to 1 (true) if c is a lowercase vowel
    isLowercaseVowel = (c == 'a' || c == 'e' || c == 'i' || c == 'o' || c == 'u');
    // evaluates to 1 (true) if c is an uppercase vowel
    isUppercaseVowel = (c == 'A' || c == 'E' || c == 'I' || c == 'O' || c == 'U');
    // show error message if c is not an alphabet
    if (!isalpha(c))
      printf("Error! Non-alphabetic character.");
    else if (isLowercaseVowel || isUppercaseVowel)
        cout << c << " is a vowel.";
    else
        cout << c << " is a consonant.";
    return 0;
}

OUTPUT:

Enter an alphabet: u
u is a vowel.

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